Dr. Allen M. Barber
December 4, 2007

The Temple Institute in Jerusalem has announced the “High Priest’s Headplate” (the Tzitz) is ready to place on the next High Priest in the third temple. According to Leviticus 8:7-9 and Exodus 28:36-38 the plate is to be made of pure gold and placed on the front (forehead) of the mitre or turban. Temple Institute craftsmen worked for one year on the headplate. 

The words, “Holy for God” are engraved on it as commanded in Exodus 28:36.  Rabbi Yisrael Ariel, Director of the Institute explained the Halakhic (legal aspects) for temple worship. “The temple artifacts are to be fashioned in purity and until we have the ashes of the Red Heifer to purify the temple instruments, then they are fashioned in impurity, said Rabbi Ariel.”  “Until we have the ashes of the Red Heifer, even the high priest would have to serve in the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement in a state of impurity.” He also explained that until the vessels of the temple are brought into the temple, they are not considered hekdesh or consecrated.” In further commenting on the tzitz, he said “the new one is an improvement on one made several years ago in that it has a backpiece in accordance to some Jewish commentators and the Jewish historian, Josephus. In addition, it has a locking mechanism that prevents the headplate from slipping off the high priest’s head and can be adjusted to fit different sizes.”  Rabbi Ariel also said they are working on 120 sets of garments for the regular priests” who take care of the daily temple duties. Moreover, they are working on the architectural designs for the third temple, which apparently will have modern computers – something Solomon and Herod’s temples did not have of course. 

Rabbi Ariel noted that while the “dreamers” he calls them are meeting in Annapolis to take away our land, our temple, and other historical assets, the TI is interested in “granting G-d the dwelling place that He wants in this world. The Temple is not merely a building, but a way of bringing G-d into our lives in a very real way and that is what we want to do. The tzitz is G-d’s Chanukah to us and our Chanukah gift to the Jewish people.” May I just say that Jesus Christ is God’s gift to the Jewish people not the tzitz! 

No doubt so-called Christian Zionists are celebrating this “great announcement” that the third temple is about to become a reality, but I say why celebrate something our Lord has nothing to do with?  Judaism is a relic of the past, which Christ Himself abolished in His death and resurrection. The headdress the TI has made for the next high priest will be worn by the Antichrist, and a third temple if erected, will be dedicated to him. The tzitz is clothes for the Antichrist! 

How does the book of Hebrews address this news from the Temple Institute? Let’s take a look: 

Hebrews 4:14-16 NIV 

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are — yet was without sin. 16 Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need. 

Hebrews 5:1-10 NIV 

1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. 4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, 

"You are my Son;
today I have become your Father."
6 And he says in another place,

"You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek."  

7 During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. 8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek. 

Hebrews 7:1-28 NIV 

1This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, 2 and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name means "king of righteousness"; then also, "king of Salem" means "king of peace." 3 Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever. 4 Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder! 5 Now the law requires the descendants of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people — that is, their brothers — even though their brothers are descended from Abraham. 6 This man, however, did not trace his descent from Levi, yet he collected a tenth from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises. 7 And without doubt the lesser person is blessed by the greater. 8 In the one case, the tenth is collected by men who die; but in the other case, by him who is declared to be living. 9 One might even say that Levi, who collects the tenth, paid the tenth through Abraham, 10 because when Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi was still in the body of his ancestor.

11 If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the law was given to the people), why was there still need for another priest to come — one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron? 12 For when there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law. 13 He of whom these things are said belonged to a different tribe, and no one from that tribe has ever served at the altar. 14 For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah, and in regard to that tribe Moses said nothing about priests. 15 And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears, 16 one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life. 17 For it is declared: 

"You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek."  

18 The former regulation is set aside because it was weak and useless 19(for the law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God. 20 And it was not without an oath! Others became priests without any oath, 21 but he became a priest with an oath when God said to him: 

"The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind:

'You are a priest forever.'"   

22 Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant. 23 Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; 24 but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. 25 Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. 26 Such a high priest meets our need — one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men who are weak; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever. 

Hebrews 8:1-13 NIV 

1 The point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle set up by the Lord, not by man. 3 Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer. 4 If he were on earth, he would not be a priest, for there are already men who offer the gifts prescribed by the law. 5 They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: "See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain."   6 But the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, and it is founded on better promises. 7 For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. 8 But God found fault with the people and said: "The time is coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. 9 It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the Lord. 10 This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 11 No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. 12 For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more." 13 By calling this covenant "new," he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear. 

Please read these passages carefully and allow them to sink down into your spirit and mind so you will not be deceived by all the hype coming from so-called Christian Zionists like John Hagee and Pat Robertson who would have you believe Israel still has a covenant with God through Moses and not Jesus. Such is heresy and apostasy and I urge you not be fooled by such false teaching. It may sound plausible on the surface and look appealing to the religious mind, but it is all a lie!  Judaism is a false religion and God has nothing to with it except destroy it! 

Now let’s examine each of these passages in the book of Hebrews and find out what God says about the office of “High Priest:”  

1. Hebrews 4:14-16

This passage says we (the Church – Christians) have a priest; no, a great high priest, Jesus the Son of God, who has ascended through the heavens back to the Father’s throne. Because of this truth, we must hold firmly to our faith – that Jesus suffered for us, the righteous for the unrighteous, was tempted on all points as we are, yet never once sinned, laid his life down for us by shedding His blood upon the cross – something no high priest of Israel has ever done in the past or will do in the future, and is now at the right hand of the Father. Because of this, we can now come boldly to the throne of grace and find help in time of our need. Jesus Christ has opened the way to God and we no longer need an earthly high priest to intercede for us in a physical temple. To believe otherwise is “backward theology” – looking to the past to an old obsolete covenant that cannot atone for even a “nat.” 

2. Hebrews 5:1-10 

The Aaronic Priesthood instituted by Moses had to offer annually a blood sacrifice not only for the people on the Day of Atonement, but also for himself since he was a sinner the same as they were. However, Jesus Christ was made our High Priest by God who declared him a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. Who was Melchizedek?  Some theologians teach he was the preincarnate Christ whom Abraham met after defeating four Canaanite kings in battle. The book of Jasher says Shem was Melchizedek. Whether he was Shem or Jesus preincarnate, the symbology is that he was no ordinary priest from the Aaronic lineage. No, he was superior to it. To this Melchizedek, Abraham paid tithes from the spoils of war (Chapter 7). Jesus is the source of eternal salvation to all who obey Him because He suffered under the law by keeping it fully not once having broken any commandment. Thus, He was perfected in that the law had no case against Him to accuse Him as a sinner. The law easily accuses us for we have broken every law of God. Sin is the sting of the law in that it demands death. Jesus, who knew no sin, became sin in our place and by doing so fulfilled the role of High Priest who mediated the blood before God in the Holy of Holies, except with His own blood, not that of animals that could never remove the penalty for sin. 

God, the Father, declares Jesus the eternal High Priest unlike earthly priests who have to be replaced by a successor since all men die, yet Jesus lives forever as High Priest. 

3. Hebrews 7:1-28 

In this passage, we learn that Melchizedek was both King of Righteousness and Peace. Verse 3 implies that he had no earthly father or mother and no genealogy. Well, how can that be for even Jesus had an earthly mother and he is listed in the genealogies of both Matthew and Luke? This verse must be understood in the context of Verse 6. The KJV version reads, But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham. Therefore, Melchizedek’s genealogy is not counted or recorded by the biblical writer. He is a type of Christ. The text does not say Melchizedek had no parents. It implies that he appears out of nowhere in the Bible with no explanation of who he was or who were his parents. This was inserted in the biblical text to make him a type of Christ – one like the Son of God. Like Melchizedek, who received tithes from Abraham, although he was not of the tribe of Levi, who were set apart by God to receive tithes from the people (they also had to pay tithes), Jesus did not descend from the tribe of Levi, but from the tribe of Judah. Therefore, His priesthood is not after the order of Aaron (Levi) whose priests had to offer sacrifices daily and yearly to atone for sin because the sacrifices were imperfect – animal sacrifices cannot perfect the offerer otherwise continual sacrifices would be unnecessary. The writer of Hebrews asks the question in Verse 11 – why was it necessary for another priest to come – one in the order of Melchizedek and not in the order of Aaron? (Aaron was the first High Priest of Israel and remember he later led Israel in a revolt against God by erecting and worshipping the golden calf – proof of his imperfection). 

Verse 12 makes an important statement: “When there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the Law.”  Jesus descended from the tribe of Judah and the Law of Moses said nothing about priests coming from that tribe. Therefore, the Melchizedek Priesthood, which Jesus represents, necessitates a changing of the law for the priesthood. Verse 16 explains why: “Jesus became our High Priest on the basis of the power of an indestructible life not on the basis of religious ritual.” Jesus as a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek set aside the former Aaronic and Levitical priesthood in that it was weak and useless as the law is incapable of perfecting anything. The covenant Jesus inaugurated in His own blood is a better covenant with greater hope because it is based upon an oath God swore unto Himself when He said of Jesus, “You are a High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”  The Aaronic Priesthood was not based on an oath, but upon tribal lineage and religious regulations. Because of this immutable oath, which God swore unto Himself, Jesus has become the author and guarantor of a better covenant – The New Covenant in His Blood!  Because Jesus lives forever after having performed the duty of High Priest (offering His Blood on the mercy seat in heaven’s Holy of Holies), He has a permanent priesthood (Verse 24). 

Jesus as our high priest does not need to offer sacrifices daily or annually, but has offered Himself once for all as the supreme sacrifice for our sins – He has perfected our salvation as a one-time event extending into the eternity of eternities world without end. The law was weak in that it could not perfect our salvation, but the oath or promise appointed Jesus, the Son of God,   High Priest par excellence – nothing is superior to Jesus’ priesthood! 

4. Hebrews 8:1-13 

In conclusion, the writer of Hebrews (I believe Paul wrote Hebrews) says he has established the point from Scripture that Jesus is our high priest seated at the right hand of God in the heavens ministering in the heavenly tabernacle on our behalf not one made by man on earth. The tabernacle and temple on earth were to serve as a copy or shadow of what is in heaven until the real high priest came to prepare the way for the true spiritual temple – the Church of Jesus Christ (God inhabiting human flesh via the new birth of the Holy Spirit). Jesus’ high priesthood and New Covenant in His blood is far superior to the old covenant with its priesthood and sacrificial system for His covenant is based on better promises.   

The writer then makes an important statement: “If the Old Covenant had been sufficient, then why was a new one necessary?” Right here my friends is the true “Replacement Theology” that evangelical Zionists grossly misunderstand. The New Covenant in the blood of Jesus has replaced completely the old covenant of Judaism. Therefore, Judaism has passed away and no longer needed or recognized by God for it was unable to perfect man in taking away his sin. Read Verse 13: “By calling this covenant “new” He has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear” and it has. When Hebrews was written, the temple in Jerusalem was still standing.

Finally, notice in Verses 8-10, God says He will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and put his laws in their minds and write them on their hearts.  This God did when Jesus died on the cross for the sins of both Jew and Gentile and later sent the Holy Spirit to indwell the hearts of all those who are born-again by the Spirit and who become spiritual temples – the One New Man and true House of God – the Church of Jesus Christ! 

The temple attire and artifacts the Temple Institute is making for the so-called third temple and priesthood are clothes for the Antichrist and a dwelling place for his throne. Christians are not to have anything to do with this temple – we are not to support it with our money or celebrate its arrival in the Middle East for it disgraces and shames the Lord Jesus as our true High Priest. 

We have one High Priest – Jesus Christ and we are all part of His spiritual temple – the Church and body of Christ. Why get excited over a dead relic of the past when we have the best God has to offer – the Lord Jesus Christ! It does not get any better than that! 

The Lord bless you and give you discernment.